Differential diagnosis of AD is still a challenge due to overlapping features with other types of dementia. Biomarkers for the differential diagnosis of AD can improve the diagnostic value of the disease and ensure an appropriate treatment of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of two neo-epitope fragments of Tau as serum biomarkers for differential diagnosis of AD. The neo-epitope fragments of Tau were assessed in a cross-sectional cohort of subjects with AD, MCI, other dementias or subjects with non-dementia related memory complaints. The two Tau neo-epitope fragments were an ADAM10-generated fragment (Tau-A) and a caspase-3-generated fragment (Tau-C). The serum levels of the fragments were measured by two competitive ELISAs detecting Tau-A and Tau-C, respectively. Tau-A and Tau-C were able to separate subjects with AD and MCI from those with other dementias (p
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