Osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease, is the most prevalent form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is partly unpredictable and can remain silent for a long time. However, it can progress rapidly and manifests itself and is caused by cartilage loss, osteophytes and to some extent synovial inflammation, resulting in a reduction of joint space leading to joint function loss. The treatment for joint failure is total joint replacement. Pain is one common denominator of osteoarthritis and often the reason for first patient-doctor interaction.
How many people have Osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and a major cause of disability and pain worldwide. In 2017 osteoarthritis was estimated 4% of the world’s population or approximately 303 million people (Kloppenburg et al. OAC 2020). Women are more likely to get osteoarthritis than men, but risk factors also include risk factors include older age, obesity and joint trauma among others
How is Osteoarthritis treated?
There are currently no approved disease-modifying drugs (DMOADs) for the treatment of osteoarthritis. Instead, the focus is on managing symptoms. Symptomatic treatment options include physiotherapy and exercise, analgesics such as NSAIDS or steroids, and total joint replacement in severe end-stage cases.
How is Osteoarthritis diagnosed?
The current diagnosis methods for osteoarthritis rely on clinical history, imaging (ultrasound, X-ray, CT and MRI scans), arthroscopy, and laboratory blood tests. Clinically, the diagnosis relies on patient history (e.g., pain and functional limitations) and physical examination (tenderness, swelling, restricted movement, bony enlargements).
Please don't hesitate to contact us if you have any questions or other inquiries.