Abstract

Aggrecan is one of the first proteins to be depleted from articular cartilage in early osteoarthritis. We investigated the molecular differences between matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)- and aggrecanase-mediated aggrecan degradation, as a consequence of their distinct time-dependent degradation profiles. Cartilage degradation was induced by cytokine stimulation in bovine articular cartilage explants and quantified by a dye-binding assay and immunoassays. The size of degradation fragments was analysed by Western blot. Cytokine stimulation resulted in the early release of aggrecanase-mediated aggrecan degradation fragments. In contrast, MMP-mediated aggrecan degradation began only at day 16 and continued to day 21. Western blot analysis showed that glycosylated high-molecular-weight (374)ARGSVI fragments appeared at day 7, in contrast to deglycosylated low-molecular-weight (342)FFGVG fragments which were detected at day 21. Aggrecan degradation may be divided into two different pools, a high-molecular-weight aggrecanase-mediated pool, and a low-molecular-weight MMP-mediated pool. This may have implications for the development of intervention strategies for OA.

Go to full publication

Categories

Please don't hesitate to contact us if you have any questions or other inquiries.

Are you interested in learning more about Nordic Bioscience?
Enter your information in the form and a representative will contact you shortly.

By submitting this form you agree to our terms and conditions.

We use cookies on our site to enable essential services and functionalities, and collect data in regards to visitor information to provide the best possible experience. By using our website, you agree to our Privacy Policy and our cookies usage. Cookie Policy Privacy Statement