To measure levels of the collagen V formation marker CO5-1230 during liver fibrosis progression and regression.

Monoclonal antibodies were raised against the sequence TAALGDIMGH located at the start of the C-terminal propeptide between amino acid position 1230 and 1239 (CO5-1230). An assay developed using the biotin-streptavidin system was evaluated in a rat reversible model of fibrosis. Animals were treated for duration of 4, 6 and 8 weeks. Animals that were treated for 8 weeks were left to regress for a period of 14, 20 and 26 weeks.

Mean CO5-1230 level for control animals was found to be 8.7 ng/mL. CO5-1230 marker levels, at termination points, for CCl(4) treated animals was be 8.7 ng/mL at 4 weeks (P < 0.05, ROC: 0.83), 11.4 ng/mL at 6 weeks (P < 0.001, ROC: 0.93) and 10.8 ng/mL at 8 weeks (P < 0.05, ROC: 0.82). During regression phase, marker levels were statistically significantly decreased when compared with the marker levels at 8 weeks of treatment. Marker levels were found to be 5.9 ng/mL (P < 0.001, ROC: 0.8) after 14 weeks of regression, 3.9 ng/mL (P < 0.001, ROC: 0.95) after 20 weeks and 4.5 ng/mL (P < 0.001, ROC: 0.97) after 26 weeks of regression.

The data indicates that CO5-1230 levels are statistically significantly increased when CCl(4) intoxication stimulus is applied in all treatment time points. CO5-1230 levels return back to control levels when the stimulus is removed. The above finding adds to our previous evaluation of the marker and suggests that CO5-1230 may be a promising potential marker for liver fibrosis staging and monitoring in both disease progression and regression.

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