Background: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with an urgent need for biomarkers. Hallmarks of PC include increased collagen deposition (desmoplasia) and increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein fingerprints of specific...

Read the publication

Background: Infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by non-functional osteoclasts and a fatal outcome early in childhood. About 50% of patients have mutations in the TCIRG1 gene.Methods: IMO iPSCs were generated from a patient carrying a homozygous c....

Read the publication

Diabetic kidney disease is a worldwide epidemic, and therapies are incomplete. Clinical data suggest that improved renal outcomes by Na+-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) are partly beyond their antihyperglycemic effects; however, the mechanisms are still elusive. Here, we investigated the ...

Read the publication

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biomarkers of remodeling represent a loose collection of features referring to several biological adaptations of the lung to cope with stressing factors. In addition, remodelling infers a dynamic process that would require a spatiotemporal resolution. This review focuses on differ...

Read the publication

January 26, 2020

Journal:
Curr Opin Pulm Med

Author:
Bahmer T, Sand JM, Weckmann M

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease of the whole joint, including synovium, bone and cartilage. OA is a slow degenerative and very heterogeneous disease, with both varying levels of disease activity and progression. Biomarkers are urgently needed to assist drug developers in selecting and developing th...

Read the publication

September 30, 2019

Journal:
Clin Exp Rheumatol

Author:
Karsdal MA, Henriksen K, Bay-Jensen AC

Background: Excessive cartilage degradation is a known characteristic of osteoarthritis (OA). Biochemical markers, such as uCTX-II, have been shown to be associated with disease severity, yet the tissue origin of CTX-II has been disputed. This analysis investigates the association between OA knee jo...

Read the publication

Infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by nonfunctional osteoclasts. Approximately 50% of the patients have mutations in the TCIRG1 gene, encoding for a subunit of the osteoclast proton pump. Gene therapy represents a potential alternative treatment

Read the publication

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate blood-based biomarkers of type I (PRO-C1), III (PRO-C3) and VI (PRO-C6) collagen formation in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and examine their correlation to modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). METHODS: Limited (lSSc, n = 76) and diffuse SSc (dSSc, n = 4...

Read the publication

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate blood-based biomarkers of type I (PRO-C1), III (PRO-C3) and VI (PRO-C6) collagen formation in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients and examine their correlation to modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS). METHODS: Limited (lSSc, n = 76) and diffuse SSc (dSSc, n = 4...

Read the publication

Background: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic inflammatory condition of the intestinal tract resulting in severe intestinal tissue damage. The concept of mucosal healing has therefore gained significant interest as a therapeutic end point in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Given t...

Read the publication

Osteopetrosis is the result of mutations affecting osteoclast function. Careful analyses of osteopetrosis have provided instrumental information on bone remodeling, including the coupling of bone formation to bone resorption. Based on a range of novel genetic mutations and the resulting osteoclast p...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND:Maintenance of kidney function in kidney allografts remains a challenge, as the allograft often progressively develops fibrosis after kidney transplantation. Fibrosis is caused by the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins like type I and III collagen (COL I and III) that replace t...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: The role of the extracellular matrix (ECM) structure and remodeling thereof in lung diseases is gaining importance. Pathology-related changes in ECM turnover may result in deleterious changes in lung architecture, leading to disease in the small airways. Here, degradation fragments of ty...

Read the publication

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by high levels of protease activity leading to degradation of elastin followed by loss of elasticity of the lung and the development of emphysema. Elastin is an essential structural component of the lung parenchyma to support the expansio...

Read the publication

OBJECTIVE: A hallmark of osteoarthritis (OA) is degradation of articular cartilage proteoglycans. In isolated human OA chondrocytes, the anti-inflammatory cytokine Interleukin-37 (IL-37) lowers the expression of the proteolytic MMP and ADAMTS enzymes, which mediate this degradation. Therefore, we in...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Macrophages play a significant role in chronic liver disease as reflected by elevated soluble (s)CD163 and mannose receptor (sMR) levels and associated with liver disease severity and prognosis. Extracellular matrix remodelling associated with fibrogenesis may be affected by sys...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: Host genetic modifiers of the natural history of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) remain poorly understood. Recently, a genome-wide association study (GWAS)-identified polymorphism in the STAT4 gene that contributes to the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was shown to be associated with ...

Read the publication

OBJECTIVE: There is a need for non-invasive biomarkers that can identify patients with progressive liver fibrosis and monitor response to anti-fibrotic therapy. An equally important need is identification of patients with spontaneous fibrosis regression, since they may not need treatment nor be incl...

Read the publication

The matricellular protein SPARC (secreted proteome acidic and rich in cysteine) is known to bind collagens and regulate fibrillogenesis. Cleavage of SPARC at a single peptide bond, increases the affinity for collagens up to 20-fold. To investigate if this specific cleavage has pathological relevance...

Read the publication

OBJECTIVE: Currently, there are no disease-modifying osteoarthritis drugs (DMOADs) approved for osteoarthritis. It is hypothesized that a subtype of OA may be driven by inflammation and may benefit from treatment with anti-inflammatory small molecule inhibitors adopted from treatments of rheumatoid ...

Read the publication

Altered extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is an important part of the pathology of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the intestine, type XVI collagen (col-16) plays a role in pathogenesis by affecting ECM architecture and induce cell invasion. Measuring col-16 in serum may therefore have bioma...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Given the high global prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the need for relevant non-invasive biomarkers and algorithms to accurately stage disease severity is a critical unmet medical need. Identifying those with advanced fibrosis (≥F3) is the most crucial, a...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: Primary sclerosing cholangitis is a progressive liver disease with a remarkably variable course. Biomarkers of disease activity or prognostic models predicting outcome at an individual level are currently not established. AIM: To evaluate the prognostic utility of four biomarkers of bas...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: The relationship between levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover and mortality is currently unknown. The study aimed to determine if levels of ECM turnover are predictors of all-cause mortality in a large cohort of post-menopausal women. METHODS: 5,855 postmenopausal Danish women ...

Read the publication

Increased extracellular matrix (ECM) formation and matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-mediated ECM degradation are parts of tumorgenesis and generates collagen fragments that are released into circulation. We evaluated the association of specific collagen fragments measured in serum with outcomes in two i...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (r-axSpA) is associated with extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling of affected tissues. We investigated whether there was a relationship between biomarkers of ECM remodelling and 2-year radiographic progression in r-axSpA. METHODS: Patients from the...

Read the publication

OBJECTIVES: The expanding spectrum of targeted therapies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) implies a need for development of precision tools for disease assessment reflecting pathobiologic processes. Type IV collagen is an abundant protein of basement membranes, but is also present in the intercellular ...

Read the publication

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) is characterized by an increased rate of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling resulting in fibrosis. Acute exacerbations of IIP represent periods of increased disease activity, thus we hypothesized that ECM remodeling was altered during acute exac...

Read the publication

There is a lack of biochemical markers for non-invasive and objective assessment of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). Aggrecanase activity has been shown to be associated with joint deterioration and symptomatic disease through the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins, such as type III collag...

Read the publication

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common arthritic disease in the world, leading to debilitating pain and destruction of joint tissues. While pain is the hallmark symptom of osteoarthritis, clear associations between pain and disease processes involved in joint deterioration are lacking. OA pain is mu...

Read the publication

Are you interested in learning more about Nordic Bioscience?
Enter your information in the form and a representative will contact you shortly.

By submitting this form you agree to our terms and conditions.

We use cookies on our site to enable essential services and functionalities, and collect data in regards to visitor information. This is done in order to provide the best possible experience for the visitor. Cookie policy Privacy statement