37 Publication(s) found
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Respiratory System, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
13. Dec 2013

MMP mediated degradation of type IV collagen alpha 1 and alpha 3 chains reflects basement membrane remodeling in experimental and clinical fibrosis--validation of two novel biomarker assays

OBJECTIVES:
Fibrosis is characterized by excessive tissue remodeling resulting from altered expression of various growth factors, cytokines and proteases. We hypothesized that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) mediated degradation of type IV collagen, a main component of the basement membrane, will re…

Rheumatology
12. Dec 2013

Type VI collagen turnover-related peptides-novel serological biomarkers of muscle mass and anabolic response to loading in young men

BACKROUND:
Immobilization-induced loss of muscle mass is a complex phenomenon with several parallels to sarcopenic and cachectic muscle loss. Muscle is a large organ with a protein turnover that is orders of magnitude larger than most other tissues. Thus, we hypothesize that muscle loss and regain …

Bone
11. Dec 2013

Osteoclasts are not crucial for hematopoietic stem cell maintenance in adult mice

The osteoclast is vital for establishment of normal hematopoiesis in the developing animal. However, its role for maintenance of hematopoiesis in adulthood is more controversial. To shed more light on this process, we transplanted hematopoietic stem cells from two osteopetrotic mouse models, with la…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
12. Nov 2013

Value of biomarkers in osteoarthritis: current status and perspectives

Osteoarthritis affects the whole joint structure with progressive changes in cartilage, menisci, ligaments and subchondral bone, and synovial inflammation. Biomarkers are being developed to quantify joint remodelling and disease progression. This article was prepared following a working meeting of t…

Oncology, Pancreas
6. Nov 2013

Extracellular matrix specific protein fingerprints measured in serum can separate pancreatic cancer patients from healthy controls

BACKGROUND:
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with an urgent need for biomarkers. Hallmarks of PC include increased collagen deposition (desmoplasia) and increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein fingerprints of specifi…

Bone
5. Nov 2013

Lentiviral gene transfer of TCIRG1 into peripheral blood CD34(+) cells restores osteoclast function in infantile malignant osteopetrosis

Infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO) is a rare, lethal, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by non-functional osteoclasts. More than 50% of the patients have mutations in the TCIRG1 gene, encoding for a subunit of the osteoclast proton pump. The aim of this study was to restore the resorpt…

Hepatic System, Alcoholic Liver Disease
5. Nov 2013

Novel serological neo-epitope markers of extracellular matrix proteins for the detection of portal hypertension

BACKGROUND:
The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is an invasive, but important diagnostic and prognostic marker in cirrhosis with portal hypertension (PHT). During cirrhosis, remodelling of fibrotic tissue by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is a permanent process generating small fragments …

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
17. Oct 2013

Metabolic health in families enriched for longevity is associated with low prevalence of hand osteoarthritis and influences OA biomarker profiles

OBJECTIVES:
Individual metabolic characteristics and age-related changes may affect osteoarthritis (OA) risk as well as levels of potential OA biomarkers such as serum cartilage oligomeric protein (sCOMP) and urinary cross-linked C-telopeptide of type 2 collagen (uCTX2). We investigated hand OA and…

Rheumatology
16. Oct 2013

Musculoskeletal ageing and primary prevention

Loss of musculoskeletal mass and function is a natural ageing trait, reinforced by an unhealthy life style. Loss of bone (osteoporosis) and muscle (sarcopaenia) are conditions whose prevalence are increasing because of the change in population distribution in the western world towards an older mean …

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
6. Oct 2013

The development and characterization of an ELISA specifically detecting the active form of cathepsin K

OBJECTIVE:
Cathepsin K plays essential roles in bone resorption and is intensely investigated as a therapeutic target for the treatment of osteoporosis. Hence an assessment of the active form of cathepsin K may provide important biological information in metabolic bone diseases, such as osteoporosi…

Renal System, Chronic Renal Disease
22. Aug 2013

Association of systemic collagen type IV formation with survival among patients undergoing hemodialysis

OBJECTIVE:
The 7S domain of collagen type IV (P4NP_7S) assessed in plasma represents systemic collagen type IV formation. The objective of the study was to investigate the association of systemic collagen type IV formation with survival among patients undergoing hemodialysis.

METHODS:
We perfor…

Biomarker position
18. Aug 2013

Quantification of "end products" of tissue destruction in inflammation may reflect convergence of cytokine and signaling pathways -- implications for modern clinical chemistry

The degree of inflammation in auto-immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis is often assessed in serum and used for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The serum levels of acute inflammatory signaling molecules (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A) in conjunction with the important pro-inflam…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
14. Aug 2013

Serological identification of fast progressors of structural damage with rheumatoid arthritis

INTRODUCTION:
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with structural progression are in most need of immediate treatment to maintain tissue integrity. The serum protein fingerprint, type I collagen degradation mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-cleavage (C1M), is a biomarker of tissue destruct…

Rheumatology, Spondyloarthropathies
1. Aug 2013

Circulating protein fragments of cartilage and connective tissue degradation are diagnostic and prognostic markers of rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis

Inflammation driven connective tissue turnover is key in rheumatic diseases, such as ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Few biomarkers are available for measuring disease prognosis or the efficacy of interventions applied in these tissue-related conditions. Type II collagen is the primary structural prote…

Hepatic System, Alcoholic Liver Disease
30. Jul 2013

Serum markers of the extracellular matrix remodeling reflect antifibrotic therapy in bile-duct ligated rats

BACKGROUND:
Progression of liver fibrosis is characterized by synthesis and degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM). Matrix-metalloproteinases (MMP) cleave collagen fibers at a specific site and thereby generate soluble fragments of ECM (neo-epitopes). The levels of these neo-epitopes might refle…

Bone
29. Jul 2013

Lentiviral gene transfer of TCIRG1 into peripheral blood CD34+ cells restores osteoclast function in infantile malignant osteopetrosis

Infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO) is a rare, lethal, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by non-functional osteoclasts. More than 50% of the patients have mutations in the TCIRG1 gene, encoding for a subunit of the osteoclast proton pump. The aim of this study was to restore the resorpt…

Bone
13. Jul 2013

Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis revisited: lessons from recent studies

Systematic studies of autosomal dominant osteopetrosis (ADO) were followed by the identification of underlying mutations giving unique possibilities to perform translational studies. What was previously designated ADO1 turned out to be a high bone mass phenotype caused by a missense mutation in the …

Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis
21. Jun 2013

Acute Myocardial Infarction and Pulmonary Diseases Result in Two Different Degradation Profiles of Elastin as Quantified by Two Novel ELISAs

BACKGROUND:
Elastin is a signature protein of the arteries and lungs, thus it was hypothesized that elastin is subject to enzymatic degradation during cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases. The aim was to investigate if different fragments of the same protein entail different information associated…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis
3. Jun 2013

A MMP derived versican neo-epitope is elevated in plasma from patients with atherosclerotic heart disease

Extracellular matrix remodelling is a prerequisite for plaque rupture in atherosclerotic lesion. Versican, an extracellular matrix proteoglycan present in normal and atherosclerotic arteries is a substrate for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) present in macrophage rich areas. The aim of the current …

Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis
31. May 2013

Quantification of "end products" of tissue destruction in inflammation may reflect convergence of cytokine and signaling pathways - implications for modern clinical chemistry

The degree of inflammation in auto-immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis is often assessed in serum and used for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The serum levels of acute inflammatory signaling molecules (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A) in conjunction with the important pro-inflam…

Hepatic System
24. May 2013

Peptidyl arginine deiminase inhibitor effect on hepatic fibrogenesis in a CCl4 pre-clinical model o2,454f liver fibrosis

Having previously shown that levels of the citrullinated vimentin peptide VICM are raised in liver fibrosis in rats, we aimed to investigate whether inhibition of citrullination as measured by VICM levels could affect fibrogenesis. Methods: Fibrogenesis was evaluated by quantitative histology and ci…

Central Nervous System, Alzheimer’s Disease
22. May 2013

An enzyme-generated fragment of tau measured in serum shows an inverse correlation to cognitive function

OBJECTIVE:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurological disease characterized by pathological proteolytic cleavage of tau protein, which appears to initiate death of the neurons. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a proteolytic fragment of the tau protein could serve a…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Hepatic System
15. May 2013

Biglycan fragmentation in pathologies associated with extracellular matrix remodeling by matrix metalloproteinases

BACKGROUND:
The proteoglycan biglycan (BGN) is involved in collagen fibril assembly and its fragmentation is likely to be associated with collagen turnover during the pathogenesis of diseases which involve dysregulated extracellular matrix remodeling (ECMR), such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and li…

Hepatic System, Alcoholic Liver Disease
14. May 2013

Peptidyl arginine deiminase inhibitor effect on hepatic fibrogenesis in a CCl4 pre-clinical model of liver fibrosis

Having previously shown that levels of the citrullinated vimentin peptide VICM are raised in liver fibrosis in rats, we aimed to investigate whether inhibition of citrullination as measured by VICM levels could affect fibrogenesis.

METHODS:
Fibrogenesis was evaluated by quantitative histology an…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
13. May 2013

Role of hormones in cartilage and joint metabolism: understanding an unhealthy metabolic phenotype in osteoarthritis

OBJECTIVE:
Joint health is affected by local and systemic hormones. It is well accepted that systemic factors regulate the metabolism of joint tissues, and that substantial cross-talk between tissues actively contributes to homeostasis. In the current review, we try to define a subtype of osteoarth…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
24. Apr 2013

The development and characterization of a competitive ELISA for measuring active ADAMTS-4 in a bovine cartilage ex vivo model

ADAMTS-4 (aggrecanase1) is believed to play an important role in the degradation of aggrecan during the progression of joint diseases. ADAMTS-4 is synthesized as a latent pro-enzyme that requires the removal of the pro-domain, exposing the N-terminal neoepitope, to achieve activity. We developed a m…

Hepatic System, Alcoholic Liver Disease
19. Apr 2013

The neo-epitope specific PRO-C3 ELISA measures true formation of type III collagen associated with liver and muscle parameters

AIM:
The present study describes the assessment of true formation of type III collagen in different pathologies using a neo-epitope specific competitive Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) towards the N-terminal propeptide of type III collagen (PRO-C3).

METHODS:
The monoclonal antibody wa…

Rheumatology, Spondyloarthropathies
4. Apr 2013

Circulating citrullinated vimentin fragments reflect disease burden in ankylosing spondylitis and have prognostic capacity for radiographic progression

OBJECTIVE:
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has been considered a seronegative rheumatic disease based on absent or low levels of antibodies against citrullinated proteins. The present study was undertaken to evaluate whether a citrullinated and matrix metalloproteinase-degraded fragment of vimentin (VI…

Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Mar 2013

Extracellular matrix remodeling: the common denominator in connective tissue diseases. Possibilities for evaluation and current understanding of the matrix as more than a passive architecture, but a key player in tissue failure

Increased attention is paid to the structural components of tissues. These components are mostly collagens and various proteoglycans. Emerging evidence suggests that altered components and noncoded modifications of the matrix may be both initiators and drivers of disease, exemplified by excessive ti…

Endocrinology
4. Mar 2013

Serological muscle loss biomarkers: an overview of current concepts and future possibilities

BACKGROUND:
The skeletal muscle mass is the largest organ in the healthy body, comprising 30-40 % of the body weight of an adult man. It confers protection from trauma, locomotion, ventilation, and it represents a "sink" in glucose metabolism and a reservoir of amino acids to other tissues such as …

Bone
3. Mar 2013

Evaluation of the efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetic profile of oral recombinant human parathyroid hormone [rhPTH(1-31)NH(2)] in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis

CONTEXT:
Treatment of osteoporosis with subcutaneous (SC) injections of rhPTH(1-34) or rhPTH(1-84) is associated with significant improvements in BMD and reductions in osteoporotic fractures. However, subcutaneous injections can be associated with discomfort and thus deteriorating compliance.

OB…

Hepatic System, Alcoholic Liver Disease
3. Mar 2013

Protein fingerprinting of the extracellular matrix remodelling in a rat model of liver fibrosis--a serological evaluation

BACKGROUND/AIM:
We investigated nine novel biomarkers of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling in a rat model of liver fibrosis.

METHODS:
Liver fibrosis was induced in 52 male Wistar rats by inhalation of carbon tetrachloride and the level of hepatic fibrosis was assessed by Sirius red stainin…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
14. Feb 2013

Investigation of chondrocyte hypertrophy and cartilage calcification in a full-depth articular cartilage explants model

Articular cartilage deterioration, which includes cartilage degradation and chondrocyte hypertrophy, is a hallmark of degenerative joint diseases (DJD). Chondrocyte hypertrophy is initiated in the deep layer of the cartilage; thus, a robust explants model for investigation of hypertrophy should incl…

Endocrinology, Type 2-Diabetes
4. Feb 2013

Oral salmon calcitonin protects against impaired fasting glycemia, glucose intolerance, and obesity induced by high-fat diet and ovariectomy in rats

OBJECTIVE:
Oral salmon calcitonin (sCT) has demonstrated clinical efficacy in treating osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. The postmenopausal state is also associated with obesity-related insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to investigate the preventive effects …

Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis
21. Jan 2013

Atherofibrosis - a unique and common process of the disease pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and fibrosis - lessons for biomarker development

The hallmark of a variety of fibrotic diseases such as liver fibrosis, lung fibrosis, skin fibrosis and atherosclerosis is extensive extracellular matrix remodeling (ECMr) of the disease affected tissue. Inflammation often leads to tissue disruption and destruction, upon which locally released batte…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
3. Jan 2013

Bringing cancer serological diagnosis to a new level: focusing on HER2, protein ectodomain shedding and neoepitope technology

Cancer is a heterogeneous disease and consequently an exact diagnosis is as important as the actual therapy. Therefore, identification of novel diagnostic biomarker targets is urgently needed. Physiological and pathological changes are reflected by post-translational modifications of proteins. Each …