4 Publication(s) found
Reset filters
23. Sep 2003

RANKL and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) induce osteoclast chemotaxis through an ERK1/2-dependent mechanism

Development of bone depends on a continuous supply of bone-degrading osteoclasts. Although several factors such as the matrix metalloproteinases and the integrins have been shown to be important for osteoclast recruitment, the mechanism of action remains poorly understood. In this study we investiga…

20. Aug 2003

Transforming growth factor-beta controls human osteoclastogenesis through the p38 MAPK and regulation of RANK expression

Although RANK-L is essential for osteoclast formation, factors such as transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) are potent modulators of osteoclastogenic stimuli. To systematically investigate the role of TGF-beta in human osteoclastogenesis, monocytes were isolated from peripheral blood by three …

10. Sep 2002

Matrix metalloproteinase-dependent activation of latent transforming growth factor-beta controls the conversion of osteoblasts into osteocytes by blocking osteoblast apoptosis

Upon termination of bone matrix synthesis, osteoblasts either undergo apoptosis or differentiate into osteocytes or bone lining cells. In this study, we investigated the role of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and growth factors in the differentiation of osteoblasts into osteocytes and in osteoblas…

27. Jul 2001

Transforming growth factor-beta-induced osteoblast elongation regulates osteoclastic bone resorption through a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase- and matrix metalloproteinase-dependent pathway

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a powerful modulator of bone metabolism, and both its anabolic and catabolic effects on bone have been described. Here we have tested the hypothesis that TGF-beta-induced changes in osteoblast shape promote bone resorption by increasing the surface area …