Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis, Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position
28. Aug 2018

A biomarker of collagen type I degradation is associated with cardiovascular events and mortality in patients with atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is characterized by accumulation of lipids, cells and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins in the arterial wall. Collagen type I (COL1), a component of the arterial ECM, is cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and known to be remodelled in atherosclerosis. We explor…

Bone, Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position
14. Jul 2018

Bone and soft tissue turnover in relation to all-cause mortality in postmenopausal women.

The relationship between levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover and mortality is currently unknown. The study aimed to determine if levels of ECM turnover are predictors of all-cause mortality in a large cohort of post-menopausal women.

5,855 postmenopausal Danish wo…

Respiratory System, Extracellular Matrix Research
4. May 2018

A Serological Biomarker of Versican Degradation is Associated with Mortality Following Acute Exacerbations of Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia

Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) is characterized by an increased rate of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling resulting in fibrosis. Acute exacerbations of IIP represent periods of increased disease activity, thus we hypothesized that ECM remodeling was altered during acute exa…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis, Extracellular Matrix Research
25. Apr 2018

Aggrecanase degradation of type III collagen is associated with clinical knee pain

There is a lack of biochemical markers for non-invasive and objective assessment of symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA). Aggrecanase activity has been shown to be associated with joint deterioration and symptomatic disease through the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins, such as type III collag…

Extracellular Matrix Research
13. Apr 2018

Mass spectrometry-based identification of cross-links in proteins exposed to photo-oxidation and peroxyl radicals using 18/O labeling and optimized MS/MS fragmentation

Protein cross-links are formed in regulated biochemical processes in many biological systems, but they are also generated inadvertently via the reactions of exogenous or endogenous oxidants. Site-specific identification and characterization of such cross-links is challenging and the goal was therefo…

Type 2-Diabetes, Endocrinology, Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Apr 2018

Higher collagen VI formation is associated with all-cause mortality in type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria

Type 2 diabetes is a common risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Enhanced de novo collagen type VI (COL VI) formation has been associated with renal fibrosis and CKD. We investigated the hypothesis that PRO-C6, a product specifically generated during COL VI fo…

Bone, Extracellular Matrix Research, Osteoarthritis
10. Apr 2018

Osteoclasts degrade bone and cartilage knee joint compartments through different resorption processes

Osteoclasts have been strongly implicated in osteoarthritic cartilage degradation, at least indirectly via bone resorption, and have been shown to degrade cartilage in vitro. The osteoclast resorption processes required to degrade subchondral bone and cartilage-the remodeling of which i…

Gastrointestinal, Hernia, Extracellular Matrix Research
1. Apr 2018

Type V collagen is persistently altered after inguinal hernia repair

Hernia formation is associated with alterations of collagen metabolism. Collagen synthesis and degradation cause a systemic release of products, which are measurable in serum. Recently, we reported changes in type V and IV collagen metabolisms in patients with inguinal and inci…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Atherosclerosis
31. Mar 2018

Assessment of extracellular matrix-related biomarkers in patients with lower extremity artery disease

The prevalence of lower extremity artery disease (LEAD) is high (20%-25%) in the population older than 65 years, but patients are seldom identified until the disease is advanced. Circulating markers of disease activity might provide patients with a key opportunity for timely treatment. …

Extracellular Matrix Research
29. Mar 2018

Age-related collagen turnover of the interstitial matrix and basement membrane: Implications of age- and sex-dependent remodeling of the extracellular matrix

The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a vital role in maintaining normal tissue function. Collagens are major components of the ECM and there is a tight equilibrium between degradation and formation of these proteins ensuring tissue health and homeostasis. As a consequence of tissue turnover, small c…

Extracellular Matrix Research
29. Mar 2018

Matrix Metalloproteinase Mediated Type I Collagen Degradation is an Independent Predictor of Increased Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction in Postmenopausal Women

Chronic fibro-proliferative diseases are associated with nearly 45% of all deaths in the developed world. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) mediated remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in disease development. Degradation of type I collagen is considered having a major r…

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Lung, Extracellular Matrix Research
7. Mar 2018

Tumstatin, a Matrikine Derived from Collagen Type IVα3, is Elevated in Serum from Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Fibrosis and cancer are characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The basement membrane is mainly composed by collagen type IV and laminin. Tumstatin is a matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) generated matrikine of collagen type IV α3 chain. We evaluated the potential of tums…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Systemic Sclerosis, Rheumatology, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
1. Mar 2018

Development of a Neo-Epitope Specific Assay for Serological Assessment of Type VII Collagen Turnover and Its Relevance in Fibroproliferative Disorders

Type VII collagen is the main component of the anchoring fibrils connecting the basement membrane to the underlying interstitial matrix. Mutations in the type VII collagen gene cause dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. Increased levels of type VII collagen in the skin have been reported in patients wi…

Cardiovascular System, Extracellular Matrix Research, Myocardial Fibrosis
1. Jan 2018

Accelerated collagen turnover in women with angina pectoris without obstructive coronary artery disease: An iPOWER substudy

Collagens are major cardiac extracellular matrix components, known to be actively remodelled and accumulated during diffuse myocardial fibrosis. We evaluated whether accelerated collagen turnover described by neo-epitope biomarkers reflecting collagen formation and degradation separates patie…

Cardiovascular System, Extracellular Matrix Research
14. Dec 2017

Understanding Cardiac Extracellular Matrix Remodeling to Develop Biomarkers of Myocardial Infarction Outcomes

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the most common cause of death in industrialized countries, and myocardial infarction (MI) is a major CVD with significant morbidity and mortality. Following MI, the left ventricle (LV) undergoes a wound healing response to ischemia that results in extracellular matri…

Extracellular Matrix Research
1. Dec 2017

Objective Cognitive Impairment and Progression to Dementia in Women: The Prospective Epidemiological Risk Factor Study.

Identification of subjects with a progressive disease phenotype is an urgent need in the pharmaceutical industry where most of the recent clinical trials in Alzheimer's disease have failed.

The objective of this study was to identify subgroups of individuals with objecti…

Hepatic System, Extracellular Matrix Research
6. Nov 2017

Inducible knockdown of procollagen I protects mice from liver fibrosis and leads to dysregulated matrix genes and attenuated inflammation

Organ fibrosis is characterized by a chronic wound-healing response, with excess deposition of extracellular matrix components. Here, collagen type I represents the most abundant scar component and a primary target for antifibrotic therapies. Liver fibrosis can progress to cirrhosis and primary live…

Gastrointestinal, Extracellular Matrix Research, Inflammatory Bowel Disease
13. Oct 2017

Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, and irritable bowel syndrome have different profiles of extracellular matrix turnover, which also reflects disease activity in Crohn's disease

Increased protease activity is a key pathological feature of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the differences in extracellular matrix remodelling (ECM) in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are not well described. An increased understanding of the inflammatory pr…

Oncology, Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Oct 2017

Quantification of altered tissue turnover in a liquid biopsy: a proposed precision medicine tool to assess chronic inflammation and desmoplasia associated with a pro-cancerous niche and response to immuno-therapeutic anti-tumor modalities

Immuno-therapy has begun to revolutionize cancer treatment. However, despite the significant progress achieved in regard to the duration of clinical benefits, a substantial number of patients do not respond to these therapies. To improve the outcome of patients receiving immuno-therapy, there is a n…

Rheumatology, Extracellular Matrix Research
30. Aug 2017

Changes of patient-reported outcomes and protein fingerprint biomarkers after exercise therapy for axial spondyloarthritis

The objective of this study was to investigate the patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) derived extracellular matrix (ECM) biomarkers in non-radiographic (nr)-axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and radiographic (r)-axSpA after exercise intervention. Forty-six axSpA patien…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Peripheral Vascular Disease
12. Aug 2017

Non-invasive evaluation of extracellular matrix remodeling in peripheral artery disease

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis affecting peripheral arteries. The underlying pathology of PAD are disorganized extracellular matrix (ECM), caused by inflammation and oxidation. Previous studies have demonstrated an important structure dis…

Extracellular Matrix Research
21. Jul 2017

The good and the bad collagens of fibrosis - Their role in signaling and organ function

Usually the dense extracellular structure in fibrotic tissues is described as extracellular matrix (ECM) or simply as collagen. However, fibrosis is not just fibrosis, which is already exemplified by the variant morphological characteristics of fibrosis due to viral versus cholestatic, autoimmune or…

Central Nervous System, Biomarker position
10. May 2017

Modifiable risk factors promoting neurodegeneration is associated with two novel brain degradation markers measured in serum

There has been limited success with blood-based biomarkers of neurodegeneration. One perceived reason is that blood has no direct contact to the brain. Recently developed blood-based biomarkers of tau-degradation have shown promise as potential tools for peripheral assessment of neurodegeneration; h…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Osteoarthritis
22. Mar 2017

Biomarker of extracellular matrix remodelling C1M and proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 are related to synovitis and pain in endstage knee osteoarthritis patients

Little is known about local and systemic biomarkers in relation to synovitis and pain in end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We investigated the associations between the novel extracellular matrix biomarker, C1M, and local and systemic interleukin 6 (IL-6) with synovitis and pain. Serum C1M, pla…

Osteoarthritis, Rheumatology, Extracellular Matrix Research
20. Feb 2017

Chondrocyte secretome: a source of novel insights and exploratory biomarkers of osteoarthritis

The extracellular matrix (ECM) of articular cartilage is comprised of complex networks of proteins and glycoproteins, all of which are expressed by its resident cell, the chondrocyte. Cartilage is a unique tissue given its complexity and ability to resist repeated load and deformation. The mechanism…

Rheumatoid Arthritis, Rheumatology, Extracellular Matrix Research
17. Feb 2017

The minor collagens in articular cartilage

Articular cartilage is a connective tissue consisting of a specialized extracellular matrix (ECM) that dominates the bulk of its wet and dry weight. Type II collagen and aggrecan are the main ECM proteins in cartilage. However, little attention has been paid to less abundant molecular components, es…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position, Oncology
11. Feb 2017

Excessive matrix metalloprotease-mediated degradation of interstitial tissue (type I collagen) independently predicts short-term survival in an observational study of postmenopausal women diagnosed with cancer

Extensive tissue remodeling mediated by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) is an important part of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum biomarkers reflecting MMP-mediated degradation of type I collagen (C1M), type IV collagen (C4M) and citrullinated vimentin (VICM) were predict…

Extracellular Matrix Research
19. Jan 2017

Biomarkers of extracellular matrix turnover are associated with emphysema and eosinophilic-bronchitis in COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow obstruction and loss of lung tissue mainly consisting of extracellular matrix (ECM). Three of the main ECM components are type I collagen, the main constituent in the interstitial matrix, type VI collagen, and elas…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Respiratory System
4. Oct 2016

High levels of biomarkers of collagen remodeling are associated with increased mortality in COPD - results from the ECLIPSE study

There is a need to identify individuals with COPD at risk for disease progression and mortality. Lung tissue remodeling is associated with the release of extracellular matrix (ECM) fragments into the peripheral circulation. We hypothesized that ECM remodeling was associated with mortali…

Hepatic System, Hepatitis B/C, Extracellular Matrix Research
3. Oct 2016

Fibrosis is not just fibrosis - basement membrane modelling and collagen metabolism differs between hepatitis B- and C-induced injury

While morphological patterns differ, the molecular phenotype of liver fibrosis is considered a stereotypical response to chronic liver injury. However, with different cellular triggers and networks regulating fibrosis, the molecular responses of the injured liver may not be identical.

Extracellular Matrix Research
1. Aug 2016

Type VIII collagen is elevated in diseases associated with angiogenesis and vascular remodeling

Type VIII collagen is involved in angiogenesis and remodeling of arteries. We hypothesized that type VIII collagen was upregulated in diseases associated with vascular remodeling, e.g. pulmonary fibrosis and cancer. In this paper we present the development and validation of a competiti…

Extracellular Matrix Research
27. Jul 2016

Quantification of fibronectin as a method to assess ex vivo extracellular matrix remodeling

Altered architecture, composition and quality of the extracellular matrix (ECM) are pathological hallmarks of several inflammatory and fibro-proliferative pathological processes such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), fibrosis and cancer. One of the most important components of the E…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Respiratory System
5. Jul 2016

Tissue turnover of collagen type I, III and elastin is elevated in the PCLS model of IPF and can be restored back to vehicle levels using a phosphodiesterase inhibitor

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a model for pulmonary fibrosis, using ex vivo tissue cultures of lungs from bleomycin treated animals, enabling the investigation of fibrosis remodeling using novel biomarkers for the detection of ECM protein fragments. The combination …

Extracellular Matrix Research, Renal System
22. May 2016

Precision-Cut Kidney Slices as a Tool to Understand the Dynamics of Extracellular Matrix Remodeling in Renal Fibrosis

The aim of this study was to set up an ex vivo model for renal interstitial fibrosis in order to investigate the extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover profile in the fibrotic kidney. We induced kidney fibrosis in fourteen 12-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) su…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis, Extracellular Matrix Research
10. Feb 2016

Synovitis biomarkers: ex vivo characterization of three biomarkers for identification of inflammatory osteoarthritis

Characterize biomarkers measuring extracellular matrix turnover of inflamed osteoarthritis synovium.

Human primary fibroblast-like synoviocytes and synovial membrane explants (SMEs) treated with various cytokines and growth factors were assessed by C1M, C3M, and acMMP3 in …

Extracellular Matrix Research
21. Dec 2015

Protein degradation fragments as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers of connective tissue diseases: understanding the extracellular matrix message and implication for current and future serological biomarkers

The aim of this review is to discuss the potential usefulness of novel biochemical markers of connective tissues: neo-epitopes of extracellular matrix proteins generated by post-translational modifications by tissue proteinases. As each modification results from a specific local physiological or pat…

Extracellular Matrix Research
22. Aug 2015

Collagen and tissue turnover as function of age - implications for fibrosis

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is the backbone of all tissues. It is a complex grid consisting of multiple structural proteins which each play a vital role for the function and maintenance of normal tissue function. In development and growth, tissue is being formed and elaborated (tissu…

Oncology, Breast, Extracellular Matrix Research
3. Aug 2015

Collagen degradation products measured in serum can separate ovarian and breast cancer patients from healthy controls: A preliminary study

During cancer the otherwise tightly controlled homeostasis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is disturbed. The protein composition changes, the ECM stiffens and increased levels of proteases are secreted. The combination of these processes result in release of specific protein fragments…

Extracellular Matrix Research
30. Apr 2015

Matrix Metalloproteinase Mediated Type I Collagen Degradation - An Independent Risk Factor for Mortality in Women

Chronic fibro-proliferative diseases are associated with nearly 45% of all deaths in the developed world. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) mediated remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in disease development. Degradation of type I collagen is considered having a major r…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Renal System, Chronic Renal Disease
26. Apr 2015

Turnover of type III collagen reflects disease severity and is associated with progression and microinflammation in patients with IgA nephropathy

Renal fibrosis is the hallmark of progression to end-stage kidney disease. Non-invasive biomarkers of renal fibrosis could serve as specific end points in clinical trials and improve monitoring and stratification of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To address this, we measure…

Extracellular Matrix Research
1. Apr 2015

The importance of extracellular matrix for cell function and in vivo likeness

Fibrotic diseases may be described as a disease of the extracellular matrix, where the balance between matrix formation and degradation has been shifted leading to an accumulation of matrix. Currently a fit for purpose model and readily available approach are adapted when doing cell cult…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Hepatitis B/C, Hepatic System
1. Feb 2015

Plasma Pro-C3 (N-terminal type III collagen propeptide) predicts fibrosis progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C

Fibrogenesis results in release of certain extracellular matrix protein fragments into the circulation. We evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic performance of two novel serological markers, the precisely cleaved N-terminal propeptide of type III collagen (Pro-C3) and a peptide…

Renal System, Extracellular Matrix Research
29. Oct 2014

Association of versican turnover with all-cause mortality in patients on haemodialysis

Cardiovascular diseases are among the most common causes of mortality in renal failure patients undergoing haemodialysis. A high turnover rate of the proteoglycan versican, represented by the increased presence of its fragmentation products in plasma, has previously been associated with …

Respiratory System, Extracellular Matrix Research
29. Oct 2014

The role of extracellular matrix quality in pulmonary fibrosis

This review discusses the role of extracellular matrix (ECM) quality in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis (PF). In PF, the highly ordered structure of collagens and elastin within the ECM of the lung is severely disrupted and lacks its original tissue quality. Discussions about the ECM have foc…

Extracellular Matrix Research
9. Oct 2014

Measurement of a MMP-2 degraded Titin fragment in serum reflects changes in muscle turnover induced by atrophy

In this study we sought to determine whether a Titin peptide fragment can serve as a clinical biomarker for changes in muscle mass.

Mass spectrometry was used to identify Titin fragment in urine. An antibody against this Titin sequence was raised and used to develop a competit…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Rheumatology
22. Sep 2014

Type X collagen levels are elevated in serum from human osteoarthritis patients and associated with biomarkers of cartilage degradation and inflammation

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common degenerative joint disease, of which the pathogenesis is inadequately understood. Hypertrophy-like changes have been observed as part of the progression of OA. The aim of the study was to develop and characterize a novel biomarker of chondrocytes h…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Hepatic System
5. Aug 2014

Review article: the efficacy of biomarkers in chronic fibroproliferative diseases - early diagnosis and prognosis, with liver fibrosis as an exemplar

Nearly 45% of all deaths are associated with chronic fibroproliferative diseases, of which the primary characteristic is altered remodelling of the extracellular matrix. A major difficulty in developing anti-fibrotic therapies is the lack of accurate and established techniques to estima…

Renal System, Extracellular Matrix Research
28. Mar 2014

The extracellular matrix in the kidney: a source of novel non-invasive biomarkers of kidney fibrosis?

Interstitial fibrosis is the common endpoint of end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) leading to kidney failure. The clinical course of many renal diseases, and thereby of CKD, is highly variable. One of the major challenges in deciding which treatment approach is best suited for a patient but also…

Biomarker position
18. Aug 2013

Quantification of "end products" of tissue destruction in inflammation may reflect convergence of cytokine and signaling pathways -- implications for modern clinical chemistry

The degree of inflammation in auto-immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis is often assessed in serum and used for diagnostic and prognostic purposes. The serum levels of acute inflammatory signaling molecules (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A) in conjunction with the important pro-inflam…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis
3. Jun 2013

A MMP derived versican neo-epitope is elevated in plasma from patients with atherosclerotic heart disease

Extracellular matrix remodelling is a prerequisite for plaque rupture in atherosclerotic lesion. Versican, an extracellular matrix proteoglycan present in normal and atherosclerotic arteries is a substrate for matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) present in macrophage rich areas. The aim of the current …

Extracellular Matrix Research, Hepatic System
15. May 2013

Biglycan fragmentation in pathologies associated with extracellular matrix remodeling by matrix metalloproteinases

The proteoglycan biglycan (BGN) is involved in collagen fibril assembly and its fragmentation is likely to be associated with collagen turnover during the pathogenesis of diseases which involve dysregulated extracellular matrix remodeling (ECMR), such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and li…

Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Mar 2013

Extracellular matrix remodeling: the common denominator in connective tissue diseases. Possibilities for evaluation and current understanding of the matrix as more than a passive architecture, but a key player in tissue failure

Increased attention is paid to the structural components of tissues. These components are mostly collagens and various proteoglycans. Emerging evidence suggests that altered components and noncoded modifications of the matrix may be both initiators and drivers of disease, exemplified by excessive ti…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Cardiovascular System, Acute Myocardial Infarct
6. Jul 2012

Clinical evaluation of a matrix metalloproteinase-12 cleaved fragment of titin as a cardiovascular serological biomarker

Titin is a muscle-specific protein found in cardiac and skeletal muscles which is responsible for restoring passive tension. Levels and functioning of titin have been shown to be affected by cardiac damage. Due to the inherent difficulty of measuring titin levels in vivo in a clinical s…

Hepatic System, Extracellular Matrix Research
3. Jan 2012

Molecular serum markers of liver fibrosis

Fibrosis is a hallmark histologic event of chronic liver diseases and is characterized by the excessive accumulation and reorganization of the extracellular matrix (ECM). The gold standard for assessment of fibrosis is liver biopsy. As this procedure has various limitations, including risk of patien…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position
14. Nov 2011

Protein fingerprints - relying on and understanding the information of serological protein measurements

In 2004, the FDA has articulated a Critical Path Initiative to improve the efficiency of product development industry-wide, and brought attention to the pressing needs of defining new tools to better assess safety and effectiveness of new products. A better understanding of protein subtypes, protein…

Extracellular Matrix Research
16. Oct 2011

Serological biochemical markers of surrogate efficacy and safety as a novel approach to drug repositioning

How do pharmaceutical companies find new uses for old or failed drugs? Is there a way to 'manage serendipity' at the very first stage of identifying compounds that could be developed into new drugs? Several approaches are now being pursued by various companies that are dedicated to drug repositionin…

Extracellular Matrix Research
16. May 2011

Post-translational modifications of the extracellular matrix are key events in cancer progression: opportunities for biochemical marker development

The aim of this review is to discuss the potential usefulness of a novel class of biochemical markers, designated neoepitopes. Neoepitopes are post-translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins and are derived by processes, such as protease cleavage, citrullination, nitrosylation, glycosylation and…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position
10. Jul 2010

Novel combinations of Post-Translational Modification (PTM) neo-epitopes provide tissue-specific biochemical markers--are they the cause or the consequence of the disease?

The aim of this review is to discuss the potential usefulness of novel advances in the class of biochemical markers, neo-epitopes. Neo-epitopes are post-translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins formed by processes such as protease cleavage, citrullination, nitrosylation, glycosylation and isom…

Extracellular Matrix Research
28. Jan 2010

Serum markers of liver fibrosis: combining the BIPED classification and the neo-epitope approach in the development of new biomarkers

Fibrosis is a central histological feature of chronic liver diseases and is characterized by the accumulation and reorganization of the extracellular matrix. The gold standard for assessment of fibrosis is histological evaluation of a percutaneous liver biopsy. Albeit a considerable eff…

Extracellular Matrix Research
14. May 2009

Biochemical markers and the FDA Critical Path: how biomarkers may contribute to the understanding of pathophysiology and provide unique and necessary tools for drug development

The aim of this review is to discuss the potential usefulness of a novel class of biochemical markers, neoepitopes, in the context of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Critical Path Initiative, which emphasizes biomarkers of safety and efficacy as areas of pivotal interest. Examples of prote…