32 Publication(s) found
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Oncology
6. Mar 2019

Collagens and Cancer associated fibroblasts in the reactive stroma and its relation to Cancer biology

The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays an important role in cancer progression. It can be divided into the basement membrane (BM) that supports epithelial/endothelial cell behavior and the interstitial matrix (IM) that supports the underlying stromal compartment. The major components of the ECM are th…

Extracellular Matrix Research, Respiratory System, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Lung, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
12. Feb 2019

Serological Assessment of Activated Fibroblasts by alpha-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA): A Noninvasive Biomarker of Activated Fibroblasts in Lung Disorders

OBJECTIVES:
Remodeling of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a key event in different lung disorders, such as fibrosis and cancer. The most common cell type in the connective tissue is fibroblasts, which transdifferentiate into myofibroblasts upon activation. All myofibroblasts express α-SMA, which …

Oncology, Colorectal
9. Jan 2019

Vastatin (the NC1 domain of human type VIII collagen a1 chain) is linked to stromal reactivity and elevated in serum from patients with colorectal cancer.

Vastatin, a fragment derived from type VIII collagen, is one of the least studied collagen-derived matrikines. Vastatin can be detected in serum but little is known regarding the relevance of serum vastatin in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, serum vastatin was measured (ELISA) in 67 healthy …

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Respiratory System, Oncology, Lung, Extracellular Matrix Research
2. Jan 2019

The mTORC1/4E-BP1 axis represents a critical signaling node during fibrogenesis.

Myofibroblasts are the key effector cells responsible for excessive extracellular matrix deposition in multiple fibrotic conditions, including idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The PI3K/Akt/mTOR axis has been implicated in fibrosis, with pan-PI3K/mTOR inhibition currently under clinical evaluatio…

Oncology
19. Dec 2018

Non-invasive biomarkers derived from the extracellular matrix associate with response to immune checkpoint blockade (anti-CTLA-4) in metastatic melanoma patients

BACKGROUND:
Excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and a reactive stroma can affect T-cell infiltration and T-cell activity in the tumor and hereby influence response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). In the pursuit of finding biomarkers that predict treatment response, we evaluated t…

Oncology
19. Dec 2018

Non-invasive biomarkers derived from the extracellular matrix associate with response to immune checkpoint blockade (anti-CTLA-4) in metastatic melanoma patients (1)

Background
Excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and a reactive stroma can affect T-cell infiltration and T-cell activity in the tumor and hereby influence response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). In the pursuit of finding biomarkers that predict treatment response, we evaluated th…

Respiratory System, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Oncology, Lung
30. Nov 2018

A serological marker of the N-terminal neoepitope generated during LOXL2 maturation is elevated in patients with cancer or idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

OBJECTIVES:
Lysyl oxidase like 2 (LOXL2) is associated with poor prognosis in idiopathic pulmonary disease (IPF) and cancer. We developed an Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) targeting the LOXL2 neo-epitope generated through the release of the signal peptide during LOXL2 maturation.

DESI…

Oncology, Lung
22. Nov 2018

Non-invasive profiling of protease-specific elastin turnover in lung cancer: biomarker potential.

PURPOSE:
Elastin is a signature protein of lungs. Increased elastin turnover driven by altered proteolytic activity is an important part of lung tumorigenesis. Elastin-derived fragments have been shown to be pro-tumorigenic, however, little is known regarding the biomarker potential of such elastin…

Lung, Respiratory System, Oncology
1. Aug 2018

A fragment of SPARC reflecting increased collagen affinity shows pathological relevance in lung cancer - implications of a new collagen chaperone function of SPARC

The matricellular protein SPARC (secreted proteome acidic and rich in cysteine) is known to bind collagens and regulate fibrillogenesis. Cleavage of SPARC at a single peptide bond, increases the affinity for collagens up to 20-fold. To investigate if this specific cleavage has pathological relevance…

Oncology, Colorectal, Gastrointestinal, Inflammatory Bowel Disease
20. Jul 2018

Serum type XVI collagen is associated with colorectal cancer and ulcerative colitis indicating a pathological role in gastrointestinal disorders

Altered extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is an important part of the pathology of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the intestine, type XVI collagen (col-16) plays a role in pathogenesis by affecting ECM architecture and induce cell invasion. Measuring col-16 in serum may therefore have bioma…

Oncology, Breast
20. Jun 2018

High turnover of extracellular matrix reflected by specific protein fragments measured in serum is associated with poor outcomes in two metastatic breast cancer cohorts.

Increased extracellular matrix (ECM) formation and matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-mediated ECM degradation are parts of tumorgenesis and generates collagen fragments that are released into circulation. We evaluated the association of specific collagen fragments measured in serum with outcomes in two i…

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Lung, Extracellular Matrix Research
7. Mar 2018

Tumstatin, a Matrikine Derived from Collagen Type IVα3, is Elevated in Serum from Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

OBJECTIVES
Fibrosis and cancer are characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The basement membrane is mainly composed by collagen type IV and laminin. Tumstatin is a matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) generated matrikine of collagen type IV α3 chain. We evaluated the potential of tums…

Oncology, Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Oct 2017

Quantification of altered tissue turnover in a liquid biopsy: a proposed precision medicine tool to assess chronic inflammation and desmoplasia associated with a pro-cancerous niche and response to immuno-therapeutic anti-tumor modalities

Immuno-therapy has begun to revolutionize cancer treatment. However, despite the significant progress achieved in regard to the duration of clinical benefits, a substantial number of patients do not respond to these therapies. To improve the outcome of patients receiving immuno-therapy, there is a n…

Oncology, Lung
9. Aug 2017

Cathepsin-S degraded decorin are elevated in fibrotic lung disorders - development and biological validation of a new serum biomarker

BACKGROUND:
Decorin is one of the most abundant proteoglycans of the extracellular matrix and is mainly secreted and deposited in the interstitial matrix by fibroblasts where it plays an important role in collagen turnover and tissue homeostasis. Degradation of decorin might disturb normal tissue h…

Oncology, Colorectal
13. May 2017

Unique insight into microenvironmental changes in colorectal cancer: Ex vivo assessment of matrix metalloprotease-mediated molecular changes in human colorectal tumor tissue and corresponding non-neoplastic adjacent tissue

Matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-mediated tissue remodeling is one of the malignant changes driving colorectal cancer. Measurement of altered MMP expression/activity is not sufficient to fully understand the effect of MMP-mediated tissue remodeling. Biomarkers are required that specifically reflect the …

Lung
7. Mar 2017

Nidogen-1 Degraded by Cathepsin S can be Quantified in Serum and is Associated with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Loss of basement membrane (BM) integrity is typically associated with cancer. Nidogen-1 is an essential component of the BM. Nidogen-1 is a substrate for cathepsin-S (CatS) which is released into the tumor microenvironment. Measuring nidogen-1 degraded by CatS may therefore have biomarker potential …

Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position, Oncology
11. Feb 2017

Excessive matrix metalloprotease-mediated degradation of interstitial tissue (type I collagen) independently predicts short-term survival in an observational study of postmenopausal women diagnosed with cancer

Extensive tissue remodeling mediated by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) is an important part of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum biomarkers reflecting MMP-mediated degradation of type I collagen (C1M), type IV collagen (C4M) and citrullinated vimentin (VICM) were predict…

Oncology
26. Oct 2016

Cohort Profile: The Prospective Epidemiological Risk Factor (PERF) study

The world’s population is ageing. In Europe alone, the elderly population over age 65 will double from 88 to 153 million and the fastest growing segment of the population will be those over 80, tripling in number from 24 to 60 million in 2060. Low birth rates and increasing longevity are the key fac…

Colorectal
28. Jul 2016

Excessive collagen turnover products are released during colorectal cancer progression and elevated in serum from metastatic colorectal cancer patients

During cancer progression, the homeostasis of the extracellular matrix becomes imbalanced with an excessive collagen remodeling by matrix metalloproteinases. As a consequence, small protein fragments of degraded collagens are released into the circulation. We have investigated the potential of prote…

Oncology
13. Jul 2016

Remodeling of the Tumor Microenvironment Predicts Increased Risk of Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: The Prospective Epidemiologic Risk Factor (PERF I) Study

BACKGROUND:
An altered tumor microenvironment is one of the earliest signs of cancer and an important driver of the disease. We have seen previously that biomarkers reflecting tumor microenvironment modifications, such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-degraded type 1 collagen (C1M), MMP-degraded t…

Oncology, Breast, Extracellular Matrix Research
3. Aug 2015

Collagen degradation products measured in serum can separate ovarian and breast cancer patients from healthy controls: A preliminary study

BACKGROUND:
During cancer the otherwise tightly controlled homeostasis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is disturbed. The protein composition changes, the ECM stiffens and increased levels of proteases are secreted. The combination of these processes result in release of specific protein fragments…

Oncology, Lung
3. Oct 2014

Serum biomarkers reflecting specific tumor tissue remodeling processes are valuable diagnostic tools for lung cancer

Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, such as collagen type I and elastin, and intermediate filament (IMF) proteins, such as vimentin are modified and dysregulated as part of the malignant changes leading to disruption of tissue homeostasis. Noninvasive biomarkers that reflect such changes may have a…

Oncology, Breast
8. Apr 2014

Mammographic texture resemblance generalizes as an independent risk factor for breast cancer

Breast density has been established as a major risk factor for breast cancer. We have previously demonstrated that mammographic texture resemblance (MTR), recognizing the local texture patterns of the mammogram, is also a risk factor for breast cancer, independent of percent breast density. We exami…

Oncology, Pancreas
6. Nov 2013

Extracellular matrix specific protein fingerprints measured in serum can separate pancreatic cancer patients from healthy controls

BACKGROUND:
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with an urgent need for biomarkers. Hallmarks of PC include increased collagen deposition (desmoplasia) and increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein fingerprints of specifi…

Oncology, Breast
3. Aug 2011

A novel and automatic mammographic texture resemblance marker is an independent risk factor for breast cancer

OBJECTIVE:
We investigated whether breast cancer is predicted by a breast cancer risk mammographic texture resemblance (MTR) marker.

METHODS:
A previously published case-control study included 495 women of which 245 were diagnosed with breast cancer. In baseline mammograms, 2-4 years prior to d…

Oncology, Bone
3. Mar 2011

Serum N-Terminal Propeptide of Collagen Type I is Associated with the Number of Bone Metastases in Breast and Prostate Cancer and Correlates to Other Bone Related Markers

BACKGROUND:
A number of biomarkers have been proven potentially useful for their ability to indicate bone metastases (BM) in cancer patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relative utility of a newly developed N-terminal propeptide of collagen type I (PINP) human serum assay for the …

Oncology, Breast
16. Jul 2009

Low-dose transdermal estradiol induces breast density and heterogeneity changes comparable to those of raloxifene

The aim of this study was to investigate whether transdermal low-dose estradiol treatment induces changes in mammographic density or heterogeneity compared with raloxifene, whether if these changes relate to changes in bone formation/resorption markers, and whether these findings indicate elevation …

Oncology, Bone
27. Jun 2008

Does increased local bone resorption secondary to breast and prostate cancer result in increased cartilage degradation?

BACKGROUND:
Breast and prostate cancer patients often develop lesions of locally high bone turnover, when the primary tumor metastasizes to the bone causing an abnormal high bone resorption at this site. The objective of the present study was to determine whether local increased bone turnover in br…

Oncology, Bone
9. Dec 2006

Biochemical approach to the detection and monitoring of metastatic bone disease: What do we know and what questions need answers?

Metastatic spread to bones frequently occurs in several types of cancer diseases, in particular breast, prostate, and lung cancer. Infiltration of bone by tumour cells is a source of several complications including severe bone pain, spinal cord compression, hypercalcemia, pathologic fractures, all r…

Oncology, Bone
15. Jul 2006

Alpha CTX as a biomarker of skeletal invasion of breast cancer: immunolocalization and the load dependency of urinary excretion

We recently showed that increased urinary excretion of the cross-linked, nonisomerized form of the C-telopeptide of collagen type I (alphaalphaCTX) could be a sensitive indicator of the presence of bone metastases in breast cancer patients. The present study was sought to investigate (a) the localiz…