20 Publication(s) found
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Lung, Respiratory System, Oncology
1. Aug 2018

A fragment of SPARC reflecting increased collagen affinity shows pathological relevance in lung cancer - implications of a new collagen chaperone function of SPARC

The matricellular protein SPARC (secreted proteome acidic and rich in cysteine) is known to bind collagens and regulate fibrillogenesis. Cleavage of SPARC at a single peptide bond, increases the affinity for collagens up to 20-fold. To investigate if this specific cleavage has pathological relevance…

Oncology, Colorectal, Gastrointestinal, Inflammatory Bowel Disease
20. Jul 2018

Serum type XVI collagen is associated with colorectal cancer and ulcerative colitis indicating a pathological role in gastrointestinal disorders

Altered extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling is an important part of the pathology of gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. In the intestine, type XVI collagen (col-16) plays a role in pathogenesis by affecting ECM architecture and induce cell invasion. Measuring col-16 in serum may therefore have bioma…

Bone, Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position
14. Jul 2018

Bone and soft tissue turnover in relation to all-cause mortality in postmenopausal women.

BACKGROUND:
The relationship between levels of extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover and mortality is currently unknown. The study aimed to determine if levels of ECM turnover are predictors of all-cause mortality in a large cohort of post-menopausal women.

METHODS:
5,855 postmenopausal Danish wo…

Oncology, Breast
20. Jun 2018

High turnover of extracellular matrix reflected by specific protein fragments measured in serum is associated with poor outcomes in two metastatic breast cancer cohorts.

Increased extracellular matrix (ECM) formation and matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-mediated ECM degradation are parts of tumorgenesis and generates collagen fragments that are released into circulation. We evaluated the association of specific collagen fragments measured in serum with outcomes in two i…

Extracellular Matrix Research
29. Mar 2018

Age-related collagen turnover of the interstitial matrix and basement membrane: Implications of age- and sex-dependent remodeling of the extracellular matrix

The extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a vital role in maintaining normal tissue function. Collagens are major components of the ECM and there is a tight equilibrium between degradation and formation of these proteins ensuring tissue health and homeostasis. As a consequence of tissue turnover, small c…

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, Lung, Extracellular Matrix Research
7. Mar 2018

Tumstatin, a Matrikine Derived from Collagen Type IVα3, is Elevated in Serum from Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

OBJECTIVES
Fibrosis and cancer are characterized by extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling. The basement membrane is mainly composed by collagen type IV and laminin. Tumstatin is a matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) generated matrikine of collagen type IV α3 chain. We evaluated the potential of tums…

Oncology, Extracellular Matrix Research
11. Oct 2017

Quantification of altered tissue turnover in a liquid biopsy: a proposed precision medicine tool to assess chronic inflammation and desmoplasia associated with a pro-cancerous niche and response to immuno-therapeutic anti-tumor modalities

Immuno-therapy has begun to revolutionize cancer treatment. However, despite the significant progress achieved in regard to the duration of clinical benefits, a substantial number of patients do not respond to these therapies. To improve the outcome of patients receiving immuno-therapy, there is a n…

Oncology, Lung
9. Aug 2017

Cathepsin-S degraded decorin are elevated in fibrotic lung disorders - development and biological validation of a new serum biomarker

BACKGROUND:
Decorin is one of the most abundant proteoglycans of the extracellular matrix and is mainly secreted and deposited in the interstitial matrix by fibroblasts where it plays an important role in collagen turnover and tissue homeostasis. Degradation of decorin might disturb normal tissue h…

Oncology, Colorectal
13. May 2017

Unique insight into microenvironmental changes in colorectal cancer: Ex vivo assessment of matrix metalloprotease-mediated molecular changes in human colorectal tumor tissue and corresponding non-neoplastic adjacent tissue

Matrix metalloprotease (MMP)-mediated tissue remodeling is one of the malignant changes driving colorectal cancer. Measurement of altered MMP expression/activity is not sufficient to fully understand the effect of MMP-mediated tissue remodeling. Biomarkers are required that specifically reflect the …

Lung
7. Mar 2017

Nidogen-1 Degraded by Cathepsin S can be Quantified in Serum and is Associated with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Loss of basement membrane (BM) integrity is typically associated with cancer. Nidogen-1 is an essential component of the BM. Nidogen-1 is a substrate for cathepsin-S (CatS) which is released into the tumor microenvironment. Measuring nidogen-1 degraded by CatS may therefore have biomarker potential …

Extracellular Matrix Research, Biomarker position, Oncology
11. Feb 2017

Excessive matrix metalloprotease-mediated degradation of interstitial tissue (type I collagen) independently predicts short-term survival in an observational study of postmenopausal women diagnosed with cancer

Extensive tissue remodeling mediated by matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) is an important part of cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate whether serum biomarkers reflecting MMP-mediated degradation of type I collagen (C1M), type IV collagen (C4M) and citrullinated vimentin (VICM) were predict…

Extracellular Matrix Research
1. Aug 2016

Type VIII collagen is elevated in diseases associated with angiogenesis and vascular remodeling

OBJECTIVES:
Type VIII collagen is involved in angiogenesis and remodeling of arteries. We hypothesized that type VIII collagen was upregulated in diseases associated with vascular remodeling, e.g. pulmonary fibrosis and cancer. In this paper we present the development and validation of a competiti…

Extracellular Matrix Research
27. Jul 2016

Quantification of fibronectin as a method to assess ex vivo extracellular matrix remodeling

Altered architecture, composition and quality of the extracellular matrix (ECM) are pathological hallmarks of several inflammatory and fibro-proliferative pathological processes such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), fibrosis and cancer. One of the most important components of the E…

Oncology
13. Jul 2016

Remodeling of the Tumor Microenvironment Predicts Increased Risk of Cancer in Postmenopausal Women: The Prospective Epidemiologic Risk Factor (PERF I) Study

BACKGROUND:
An altered tumor microenvironment is one of the earliest signs of cancer and an important driver of the disease. We have seen previously that biomarkers reflecting tumor microenvironment modifications, such as matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-degraded type 1 collagen (C1M), MMP-degraded t…

Oncology, Breast, Extracellular Matrix Research
3. Aug 2015

Collagen degradation products measured in serum can separate ovarian and breast cancer patients from healthy controls: A preliminary study

BACKGROUND:
During cancer the otherwise tightly controlled homeostasis of the extracellular matrix (ECM) is disturbed. The protein composition changes, the ECM stiffens and increased levels of proteases are secreted. The combination of these processes result in release of specific protein fragments…

Respiratory System, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
9. Jul 2015

Levels of circulating MMP-7 degraded elastin are elevated in pulmonary disorders

OBJECTIVES:
Elastin is a signature protein of the lungs. Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) is important in lung defence mechanisms and degrades elastin. However, MMP-7 activity in regard to elastin degradation has never been quantified serologically in patients with lung diseases. An assay for the…

Respiratory System, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
3. May 2015

Serological assessment of neutrophil elastase activity on elastin during lung ECM remodeling

BACKGROUND:
During the pathological destruction of lung tissue, neutrophil elastase (NE) degrades elastin, one of the major constituents of lung parenchyma. However there are no non-invasive methods to quantify NE degradation of elastin. We selected specific elastin fragments generated by NE for an…

Oncology, Lung
3. Oct 2014

Serum biomarkers reflecting specific tumor tissue remodeling processes are valuable diagnostic tools for lung cancer

Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, such as collagen type I and elastin, and intermediate filament (IMF) proteins, such as vimentin are modified and dysregulated as part of the malignant changes leading to disruption of tissue homeostasis. Noninvasive biomarkers that reflect such changes may have a…

Oncology, Pancreas
6. Nov 2013

Extracellular matrix specific protein fingerprints measured in serum can separate pancreatic cancer patients from healthy controls

BACKGROUND:
Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with an urgent need for biomarkers. Hallmarks of PC include increased collagen deposition (desmoplasia) and increased matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein fingerprints of specifi…

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
3. Jan 2013

Bringing cancer serological diagnosis to a new level: focusing on HER2, protein ectodomain shedding and neoepitope technology

Cancer is a heterogeneous disease and consequently an exact diagnosis is as important as the actual therapy. Therefore, identification of novel diagnostic biomarker targets is urgently needed. Physiological and pathological changes are reflected by post-translational modifications of proteins. Each …