17 Publication(s) found
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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Respiratory System
10. Sep 2018

Lung tissue destruction by proteinase 3 and cathepsin G mediated elastin degradation is elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by high levels of protease activity leading to degradation of elastin followed by loss of elasticity of the lung and the development of emphysema. Elastin is an essential structural component of the lung parenchyma to support the expansio…

Hepatic System
5. Sep 2018

No effect of rifaximin on soluble CD163, mannose receptor of type III and IV neoepitope collagen markers in decompensated cirrhosis: Results from a randomized placebo controlled trial

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
Macrophages play a significant role in chronic liver disease as reflected by elevated soluble (s)CD163 and mannose receptor (sMR) levels and associated with liver disease severity and prognosis. Extracellular matrix remodelling associated with fibrogenesis may be affected by sy…

Hepatic System
5. Sep 2018

No effect of rifaximin on soluble CD163, mannose receptor or type III and IV neoepitope collagen markers in decompensated cirrhosis: Results from a randomized, placebo controlled trial.

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
Macrophages play a significant role in chronic liver disease as reflected by elevated soluble (s)CD163 and mannose receptor (sMR) levels and associated with liver disease severity and prognosis. Extracellular matrix remodelling associated with fibrogenesis may be affected by sy…

Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis
8. May 2018

Type IV collagen metabolism is associated with disease activity, radiographic progression and response to tocilizumab in rheumatoid arthritis

OBJECTIVES:
The expanding spectrum of targeted therapies for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) implies a need for development of precision tools for disease assessment reflecting pathobiologic processes. Type IV collagen is an abundant protein of basement membranes, but is also present in the intercellular…

Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis
14. Feb 2018

Increased remodelling of interstitial collagens and basement membrane is suppressed by treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: serological evaluation of a one-year prospective study of 149 Japanese patients

OBJECTIVES:
This prospective study aimed to use serological biomarkers for evaluation of, connective tissue turnover, in a population of 149 Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It was aimed to investigate how the connective tissue was affected by treatment at follow-up after 1 year (+…

Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis
31. Jan 2018

IL-6 receptor inhibition modulates type III collagen and C-reactive protein degradation in rheumatoid arthritis patients with an inadequate response to anti-tumour necrosis factor therapy: analysis of connective tissue turnover in the tocilizumab RADIATE.

OBJECTIVES:
The objective of this study was to examine the tissue degradation in response to anti-IL6 receptor treatment in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients which are anti-TNF-α inadequate responders.

METHODS:
RADIATE was a randomised, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase…

Extracellular Matrix Research
21. Jul 2017

The good and the bad collagens of fibrosis - Their role in signaling and organ function

Usually the dense extracellular structure in fibrotic tissues is described as extracellular matrix (ECM) or simply as collagen. However, fibrosis is not just fibrosis, which is already exemplified by the variant morphological characteristics of fibrosis due to viral versus cholestatic, autoimmune or…

Rheumatology
5. Jan 2017

Type I and III collagen turnover is increased in axial spondyloarthritis and psoriatic arthritis. Associations with disease activity and diagnostic capacity

OBJECTIVES:
To investigate the turnover of type I and III collagen by neo-epitope markers in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

METHODS:
Patients with PsA (n=101) or axSpA (n=110) and healthy subjects (n=120) were included. Demographic and clinical data…

Extracellular Matrix Research
27. Jul 2016

Quantification of fibronectin as a method to assess ex vivo extracellular matrix remodeling

Altered architecture, composition and quality of the extracellular matrix (ECM) are pathological hallmarks of several inflammatory and fibro-proliferative pathological processes such as osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), fibrosis and cancer. One of the most important components of the E…

Rheumatology
16. Jun 2016

Chondrocyte activity is increased in psoriatic arthritis and axial spondyloarthritis

BACKGROUND:
Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) are chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases with complex origins. Both are characterized by altered extracellular matrix remodeling in joints and entheses that results in destructive and osteochondral proliferative lesions. T…

Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis
28. Mar 2016

Neo-Epitopes-Fragments of Cartilage and Connective Tissue Degradation in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis and Unclassified Arthritis

OBJECTIVE:
Tissue destruction in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is predominantly mediated by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), thereby generating protein fragments. Previous studies have revealed that these fragments include MMP-mediated collagen type I, II, and III degradation, citrullinated and MMP-de…

Rheumatology, Spondyloarthropathies
18. Dec 2014

Biological relevance of citrullinations: diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic options

OBJECTIVE:
Citrullination has become a hot topic within recent years due to its involvement in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), multiple sclerosis and fibrosis. Citrullinations are the conversion of arginine to citrulline by peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) enzymes, which affect protein …

Osteoarthritis, Rheumatology
17. Oct 2014

Cartilage turnover reflected by metabolic processing of type II collagen: a novel marker of anabolic function in chondrocytes

The aim of this study was to enable measurement of cartilage formation by a novel biomarker of type II collagen formation. The competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) Pro-C2 was developed and characterized for assessment of the beta splice variant of type II procollagen (PIIBNP). This …

Rheumatology, Osteoarthritis
1. Aug 2014

Biomarkers of cartilage and surrounding joint tissue

The identification and clinical demonstration of efficacy and safety of osteo- and chondro-protective drugs are met with certain difficulties. During the last few decades, the pharmaceutical industry has, in the field of rheumatology, experienced disappointments associated with the development of di…

Bone
22. Jul 2014

A comparison of osteoclast-rich and osteoclast-poor osteopetrosis in adult mice sheds light on the role of the osteoclast in coupling bone resorption and bone formation

Osteopetrosis due to lack of acid secretion by osteoclasts is characterized by abolished bone resorption, increased osteoclast numbers, but normal or even increased bone formation. In contrast, osteoclast-poor osteopetrosis appears to have less osteoblasts and reduced bone formation, indicating that…

Bone
11. Dec 2013

Osteoclasts are not crucial for hematopoietic stem cell maintenance in adult mice

The osteoclast is vital for establishment of normal hematopoiesis in the developing animal. However, its role for maintenance of hematopoiesis in adulthood is more controversial. To shed more light on this process, we transplanted hematopoietic stem cells from two osteopetrotic mouse models, with la…

Bone
5. Nov 2013

Lentiviral gene transfer of TCIRG1 into peripheral blood CD34(+) cells restores osteoclast function in infantile malignant osteopetrosis

Infantile malignant osteopetrosis (IMO) is a rare, lethal, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by non-functional osteoclasts. More than 50% of the patients have mutations in the TCIRG1 gene, encoding for a subunit of the osteoclast proton pump. The aim of this study was to restore the resorpt…